Ethics is that branch of philosophy which deals with defining, organising and recommending concepts of right or wrong conduct. Eigene Übersetzungen ins Deutsche sind in Kursivschrift beigefügt.) John Stuart Mill, an admirer and follower of Bentham’s, extended and altered the theories of Jeremy Bentham in his 1861 book, Utilitarianism. Ethics seeks to define concepts such as good and evil, virtue and vice and justice and crime to aid our understanding of human morality. Utilitarianism and the Theory of Justice* by Charles Blackorby, Walter Bossert and David Donaldson August 1999 Prepared as Chapter 20 of the Handbook of Social Choice and Welfare K. Arrow, A. Sen and K. Suzumura, eds., Elsevier, Amsterdam Charles Blackorby: University of British Columbia and GREQAM Walter Bossert: University of Nottingham David Donaldson: University of British Columbia * … The theory of utilitarianism is most often attributed to Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill. Utilitarianism enabled Bentham, Mill and Sidgwick to make better moral “predictions” than those who endorsed alternative moral views. A knowledge of Mill's own personal biography is integral to understanding the context for his essay. It is a teleological theory that can essentially be divided into three parts. Utilitarianism theory was spread by Jeremy Bentham in 18th century and was clarified by his student John Stuart Mill in 19th century. Utilitarianism is a theory in philosophy about right and wrong actions. This is not limited to the happiness caused by a single action but also includes the happiness of all people involved and all future consequences.. Utilitarianism, in normative ethics, a tradition stemming from the late 18th- and 19th-century English philosophers and economists Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill according to which an action is right if it tends to promote happiness and wrong if it tends to produce the reverse of happiness. Utilitarianism (Consequence-based Ethics) ... One of the most influential ethical frameworks, utilitarianism is focused on consequences and results; the sole basis of morality is determined by its usefulness or utility. The morally “correct” action is the one the produces the most good (or the most happiness) and the least amount of suffering for the most people (pleasure over pain). Utilitarianism is a moral theory – it talks about what is right, and what is wrong, and based on what is right and wrong, how people and institutions should behave and make decisions. In fact, Bentham is considered to be the father of utilitarianism, not because he originally proposed the idea, but because he was the one who brought all of the ideas together and consolidated them. That is, utilitarianism led the early utilitarians to many conclusions which struck people as counterintuitive at the time but which most of us now understand as right. Mill was raised by his father, James Mill, to be a strict utilitarian. Utilitarianism continues to be an important theory in modern philosophy. The Utilitarian theory focuses solely on the consequences an action has on the happiness of those affected by the action. Humans have grappled with the question of good and bad since gaining conscience.

Jeremy Bentham was a philosopher, economist, jurist, and legal reformer and the founder of modern utilitarianism, an ethical theory holding that actions are morally right if they tend to promote happiness or pleasure (and morally wrong if they tend to promote unhappiness or pain) among all … Utilitarianism is an ethical theory originating from the late 18th and 19th century British Philosophers and economists: Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill. ] (J. Bentham: Theory of Legislation, London Kegan Paul 1904, S. 1. Utilitarians is something that thinks morality is to give high level of happiness and pleasure and decrease bad things such as pain and unhappiness. It says that the morally best action is the one that makes the most overall happiness or "utility" (usefulness). The Utilitarian theory focuses solely on the consequences an action has on the happiness of those affected by the action. Jeremy Bentham is considered as the father of Utilitarianism. Utilitarianism is an ethical theory originating from the late 18th and 19th century British Philosophers and economists: Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill.

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