By understanding why a person commits a crime, one can develop ways to control crime or rehabilitate the criminal. Strain Theories : Merton, Cohen, Cloward and Ohlin, Agnew Strain theories may focus on different aspects of criminal behavior (e.g.

Theories of crime causation can be separated into trait theories and choice theories. Geographic theories of crime focus on analysing data about the geographic distribution of crime, modifying the physical environment to reduce the likelihood of crime and targeting initiatives to geographic areas with high rates of offending. The term crime does not, in modern criminal law, have any simple and universally accepted definition,1 though statutory definitions have been provided for certain purposes.2 The most popular view is that crime is a category created by law (i.e. These theories have generally asserted that criminal behaviour is a normal response of biologically and psychologically normal individuals to particular kinds of social circumstances. Both types of theories make valid points about the causes of crime, yet they are have different implications for preventing the causes of crime. There are many theories in criminology. Criminology is the study of why individuals commit crimes and why they behave in certain situations.

A Primer to Psychological Theories of Crime. Understanding Criminology Theories. The second is behavioral theory. World's Best PowerPoint Templates - CrystalGraphics offers more PowerPoint templates than anyone else in the world, with over 4 million to choose from.
Using data about the geographic distribution of crime, it is possible to find patterns that can be used to inform crime prevention projects. Some attribute crime to the individual; they believe that an individual weighs the pros and cons and makes a conscious choice whether or not to commit a crime.

Social and psychological theories of crime are two of the most common perspectives of how criminal activity develops. A major emphasis in criminology — the study of crime and criminals — is why people commit crimes. Criminology - Criminology - Sociological theories: The largest number of criminological theories have been developed through sociological inquiry. Others believe it is the community’s responsibility to ensure that their citizens do not commit crime by offering them a safe and secure place in which to live. The first is psychodynamic theory, which is centered on the notion that an individual’s early childhood experience influences his or her likelihood for committing future crimes. When examining psychological theories of crime, one must be cognizant of the three major theories.

They'll give your presentations a professional, memorable appearance - the kind of sophisticated look that today's audiences expect. CHAPTER 4 CRIME AND THEORIES OF PUNISHMENT 4.1 CRIME In ordinary language, the term crime denotes an unlawful act punishable by the state. There are many theories in criminology.


Winner of the Standing Ovation Award for “Best PowerPoint Templates” from Presentations Magazine. juvenile crime, gang formation, specific offender types) but they share one common assumption: some (otherwise moral) people are driven to crime out of the frustration( and illegitimate opportunity structure) associated with living in lower class communities.

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