A third convenient form of the average is the median. The scientific method is a set of principles and procedures that are used by researchers to develop questions, collect data, and reach conclusions. It employs scientific methods as scales of Sociometry schedule, case study, interview and questionnaire which is used to quantitatively measure social phenomenon. The scientific outlook or viewpoint refers mainly to the way in which an individual looks at the things. Relevance: Sociology: Sociology as Science: Science, scientific method and critique. An essential feature of scientific knowledge is that it is based upon ‘sensory observation or empirical data’ . Bowley regards it as the most useful of averages.' This point is today so well rec- ognized among thoughtful people that it is unnecessary here to emphasize it. Sociology studies social events by adopting scientific method. INTRODUCTION. Although claims and opinions are part of sociology, sociologists use empirical evidence (that is, evidence corroborated by direct experience and/or observation) combined with the scientific method or an interpretive framework to deliver sound sociological research. The Scientific Viewpoint Method: Scientific outlook is very essential for a learner of a discipline like sociology. SCIENTIFIC METHOD IN SOCIOLOGY 47 ness to serve as an adequate guide for the general social reconstruction now required. Though it cannot do experiment with men in a laboratory still man’s social behaviour is subject to scientific investigation like natural phenomenon. Next, the information acquired through sensory observation has been made meaningful and manageable. Science is “a systematized body of knowledge”.

From a sociology textbook: “The scientific method is an approach to data collection that relies on two assumptions: (1) Knowledge about the world is acquired through observation, and (2) the truth of the knowledge is confirmed by verification--that is, by others making the same observations” (Ferrante, 2008). A man of science yearns to know.

In subsequent centuries thinkers would refine these ideas, notably the Islamic scholar Ibn al-Haytham, who developed an early form of the scientific method, and Galileo, who stressed the importance of testing for variables in experiments. ELEMENTS OF SCIENTIFIC METHOD IN SOCIOLOGY 377 It might happen that in a community having great extremes in wealth, the modal value of possessions is $992 simply because three people were listed at that amount while the wealth of all others varied between wide limits. In order to do this, psychologists utilize the scientific method to conduct psychological research. The ancient Greek Aristotle was the first to propose observation and measurement as a method to gain knowledge about the world.

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