The Paris Commitments to protect children from unlawful recruitment or use by armed forces or armed groups Consolidated Version (February 5-6, 2007) The Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the Involvement of Children in Armed Conflicts (2000) Security Council Resolution 1379 on Children and armed Conflict (2001) The forums have been organized in collaboration with the Paris Principles Steering Group, co-chaired by Save the Children and UNICEF, whose members include Child Fund, Child Soldiers International, IRC, ICRC, ILO, OSRSG- The United Nations Paris Principles provide the international benchmarks against which national human rights institutions (NHRIs) can be accredited by the Global Alliance of National Human Rights Institutions (G ANH R I).Please find the Paris Principles here: Paris Principles_ENG.docx Reliable data on child soldiers continues to be very difficult to obtain but tens of thousands have been recruited over the past few years: 17,000 in South Sudan, 10,000 in Central African Republic since 2013, 2,000 by Boko Haram in the Lake Chad Basin region last year alone, and 1,500 in Yemen since the beginning of the conflict there. The Paris Principles define a child associated with an armed force or group as: ...any person below 18 years of age who is or who has been recruited or used by an armed force or armed group in any capacity, including but not limited to children, boys and girls, used as fighters, cooks, porters, messengers, spies or for sexual purposes. Child Soldiers. Forums on the Paris Commitments and Paris Principles and Guidelines on Children Associated with Armed Forces or Armed Groups. Child soldiers can take on many roles, including active fighting, acting as spies or lookouts, or acting in support roles, such as medic, porter, cook, or agricultural labourer. A child soldier or a child associated with an armed force group, according to the Paris Principles in 2007, is any person, 18 years of age or younger, who is or has been recruited or used by an armed group in any capacity (United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF), 2007). While some child soldiers are abducted and forced to serve, others choose to serve.

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