It was created by Joseph Weizenbaum in 1966 and it uses pattern matching and substitution methodology to simulate conversation.
Joseph Weizenbaum (8 Janvier 1923-5 Mars 2008) est un américain d'origine allemande informaticien et professeur au MIT. Created in the early 1960's by MIT scientist Joseph Weizenbaum and named after Eliza Doolittle, its mission was to attempt to replicate the conversation between a psychoanalyst and a patient. Professor Joseph Weizenbaum is well-known, both as a teacher of computer science and as an activist for scientific and educational responsibility. ELIZA is a computer processing language developed by Joseph Weizenbaum. The program was designed in a way that it mimics human conversation.

In only about 200 lines of computer code, Eliza models the behavior of a psychiatrist (or, more specifically, the "active listening" strategies of a touchy-feely 1960s Rogerian therapist). Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge. Born January 8, 1923, Berlin, Germany; inventor in 1965 of ELIZA, the mechanical psychiatrist, who first warned of the dangers of confusing computers with people and vice versa. ELIZA—a computer program for the study of natural language communication between man and machine. Additional comments by developer Joseph Weizenbaum: Eliza is a computer program by Joseph Weizenbaum, which, designed in 1966, is generally recognized as the first chatbot. Drawing from the case of Joseph Weizenbaum’s ELIZA, widely considered the first chatbot ever created, this article proposes a theoretical framework based on the concept of ‘biographies of media’ to illuminate the dynamics and implications of software’s discursive life. Joseph Weizenbaum's ELIZA: Communications of the ACM, January 1966. Joseph Weizenbaum.

Home Magazines Communications of the ACM Vol. Yet when the original ELIZA first appeared in the 60's, some people actually mistook her for a human. View Profile. This early natural language processing program had been written in the mid-1960s at the MIT Artificial Intelligence Laboratory by Joseph Weizenbaum. From ELIZA to Alexa ELIZA . Eliza was written by Robert A. Arnstein and was licensed to Radio Shack through his company, Device Oriented Games. Eliza -- Joseph Weizenbaum (1966) Eliza (Weizenbaum 1966) is the first chatterbot -- a computer program that mimics human conversation. ELIZA analyse la syntaxe de la phrase et en retient une expression ou un mot qui permet de produire une autre phrase qui parait être une réponse.
Une personne tape une phrase sur un terminal. ELIZA is an early natural language processing computer program created from 1964 to 1966 at the MIT Artificial Intelligence Laboratory by Joseph Weizenbaum. Eliza - By Joseph Weizenbaum .

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