It is exchanging water and minerals with the soil it is rooted in. From a sociology textbook: “The scientific method is an approach to data collection that relies on two assumptions: (1) Knowledge about the world is acquired through observation, and (2) the truth of the knowledge is confirmed by verification--that is, by others making the same observations” (Ferrante, 2008). Sociological methods include the same methods used in other social science disciplines, such as experimentation, observation, surveys, quasi-experiments, content analysis and focus groups. It involves making observations, formulating a hypothesis, and conducting scientific experiments.Scientific inquiry starts with an observation followed by the formulation of a question about what has been observed. Most sociological research involves ethnography, or “field work” designed to depict the characteristics of a population as fully as possible. The tree is not an isolated thing. With its systematic approach, the scientific method has proven useful in shaping sociological studies. Sociological Research: Designs, Methods. Sociologists use many different designs and methods to study society and social behavior. Methodology in sociology refers to the scientific way that a researcher chooses to test a social theory or concept. Steps of the Scientific Method • Observations of Facts When we see a “tree” and name it so, we have isolated that tree from the “phenomena in flux”. The scientific method is a series of steps followed by scientific investigators to answer specific questions about the natural world. However, as explained, the scientific method is agreed by every faction within sociology apart from Phenomenologists as having significant meaning. But sociologists deliberately use the scientific method to maintain as much objectivity, focus, and consistency as possible in a particular study. The Scientific Method A. Why do social research?

An introduction to research methods in Sociology covering quantitative, qualitative, primary and secondary data and defining the basic types of research method including social surveys, experiments, interviews, participant observation, ethnography and longitudinal studies. Often, reference to scientific method is used in ways that convey either the legend of a single, universal method characteristic of all science, or grants to a particular method or set of methods privilege as a special ‘gold standard’, often with reference to particular philosophers to vindicate the claims.

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