Hilary Whitehall Putnam (born July 31, 1926) is an American philosopher, mathematician and computer scientist, who has been a central figure in analytic philosophy since the 1960s, especially in philosophy of mind, philosophy of language, philosophy of mathematics, and philosophy of science.

... Fodor's representational theory of the mind, and Putnam's twin-earth examples.

A Bradford Book. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Semantic externalism denies that facts about speakers' minds determine meaning, and Putnam's Twin Earth thought experiment is meant to demonstrate this. Sharpe, 1996 - Language and languages - 410 pages. Putnam argues that the Twin Earthians are exact duplicates of Earthians (except perhaps that the “water” in their bodies has a different molecular structure), that the water on Earth is H 2 O, and that the water on Twin Earth is XYZ (a shortened formula). Hilary Putnam, who may have been the first philosopher to advance the notion that the computer is an apt model for the mind, takes a radically new view of his own theory of functionalism in this book. This work contains writings on the subject of Twin Earth. The Twin Earth Chronicles: Twenty Years of Reflection on Hilary Putnam's the Meaning of Meaning: Twenty Years of Reflection on Hilary Putnam's the "Meaning of Meaning" - Kindle edition by Pessin, Andrew, Goldberg, Sanford, Goldberg, Sanford. Hilary Putnam's Twin Earth thought experiment has come to have an enormous impact on contemporary philosophical thought. Hilary Putnam was born July, 31 1926, in Chicago Illinois to Samuel and Riva.
... Putnam brings the idea that there is an earth exactly like ours aka a twin earth.
He states the earth has H2O and the same substance but with different chemicals, but that both planets would thrive exactly the same. You could have two distinct individuals, exactly alike in every way (including their brains), who nevertheless differ in what's meant by at least some of their words. The article's Twin Earth conclusions about meaning, thought and knowledge were shocking. If we were to discover that the “pencils” of Twin Earth are superficially indistinguishable from our pencils, but on closer examination turn out to have a different microstructure—they’re organisms— we would not have discovered that there are pencils on Twin Earth, but they are organisms. Putnam uses a Twin Earth example to show this. The Twin Earth Chronicles: Twenty Years of Reflection on Hilary Putnam's "The Meaning of 'meaning'" Andrew Pessin, Sanford Goldberg. M.E. 0 Reviews. Representation and Mind series. The basic idea goes like this. In 1975, Putnam published a paper called The Meaning of 'Meaning', which challenged the orthodox view in the philosophies of language and mind. 1951.

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