The English Civil Wars (1642-1651) stemmed from conflict between Charles I and Parliament over an Irish insurrection. Subcategories. It occurred on May 28, 1644, when the Roundhead (Parliamentarian) town of Bolton was attacked in the night by the Cavaliers ( Royalists ), under the command of Prince Rupert. When fighting began in 1642, the status of the conflict as war was not self-evident. While it is difficult to give an exact breakdown of who supported who as there were regional variations, at a general level the nobility, landowners and Anglicans supported Charles I while those in the towns and cities supported Parliament. This category has only the following subcategory. The English Civil War Society Group dedicated to re-enacting 17th Century battles.

Worcestershire was the county where the first battle and last battle of the English Civil War took place. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Battles of the English Civil Wars. The Civil War militarised and brutalised English society to an unprecedented extent and, at the outbreak of the war, Prince Rupert seemed to embody all that was to be most feared: the ethos of the ruthless, swaggering, foreign professional soldier, hardened to looting and the massacres of the Thirty Years’ War. The First English Revolution (called the English Civil War by British historians) is also called the Great Rebellion.

The mercy shown to him upon his capture was revoked, and he was condemned to death. However, the balance of power had begun to shift.

This category contains historical battles fought as part of the English Civil Wars (1642–1651).

The events that happened between 1642-1651 were the result of the Stuart monarchy’s government of the Kingdom of England. The slide to war becomes more pronounced from this stage onwards.
The history of the English civil war is in part a history of why it was fought as a foreign war and of lapses from that mode.

More precisely, the Civil War broke out in England due to the reign of Charles I. Four issues will be addressed here. Oliver Cromwell’s war crimes, the Massacre of Drogheda in 1649 On September 11, 1649, the County Louth town of Drogheda was the scene of one of the worst massacres …

The two sides in the English Civil war had been established.

At the final Royalist defeat at the end of the Third English Civil War in 1651, the Earl of Derby was captured near Nantwich in Cheshire and court-martialled.

Please see the category guidelines for more information. Civil War News Stories, a British Library learning activity using original newspaper sources from the English Civil Wars. There were only three major battles in the English Civil War – Edge Hill (1642) Marston Moor (1644) and Naseby (1645). The Storming of Bolton (aka the Bolton Massacre) most likely resulted in the greatest loss of life of any massacre during the nine-year English Civil War. Civil War and Revolution, a themed collection of articles by leading historians. For true atrocities, meaning personal rather than military violations of the code of war, few opportunities occurred - except in the interval between the surrender of prisoners and their arrival (or non-arrival) at headquarters. The first war was settled … Advantage was only too often taken of this opportunity. That is not to say it was inevitable, or that the subsequent removal and execution of Charles I was even a notion in the heads of those who opposed him.

The purpose of the Society is to raise awareness of the conflict between King Charles I of England and his supporters and their opponents in Parliament and Scotland.

The Civil War was a conflict of major battles and incessant, dour skirmishing, raiding and counter-raiding, of siege and storm. The English Civil War Society was founded in 1980 and is the umbrella organisation for the King's Army and the Roundhead Association. The Irish Confederate Wars, also called the Eleven Years' War (derived from the Irish language name Cogadh na hAon Bhliana Déag), took place in Ireland between 1641 and 1653. Places to visit The Museum of London has a huge collection of Cromwell documents, artefacts and 'memorabilia'. BCW Project, a useful content website on the English Civil Wars.

But the story of the Bolton Massacre doesn’t finish there.

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