Alphabetize the list by the first word in the reference. Put your list in alphabetical order. Third, increasing the number of authors shown in the references gives more authors credit for their contributions. Include all author names when a source has up to 20 authors. (2016). The impact of human settlement on the eating habits of Australian tawny frogmouths. Count the authors and follow the rule below: Work with ONE author. The increased number of mice might have been a direct result of the drought (Smith & Brown, 2016).In Your Reference List: Smith, A., & Brown, B. (Smith & Miller, 2009)For references with three or more authors, you will only include the first author and then the words et al. For one or two authors, always mention the names of all authors. When alphabetizing references by group authors, “spell out the full name of a group author in the reference list entry” (APA, 2020, p. 268). Begin with the surname of the first author of a source. ), then add the last author. . You will list up to two authors in an in-text citation, separated with an ampersand (&).

All elements within parentheses are separated by commas. Alphabetizing by title of source. Author names appear first in the reference, surname first followed by a comma, then initials (do not include the full first names of authors). If the author is named while introducing the quotation, then the year will follow the author’s name in parentheses, and only a page number is necessary in the citation at the end of the sentence. Arrange by first author's name, then by second author if you have the same first author, etc.

For APA the reference list is arranged in alphabetical order of authors' surnames. Cite the last name of the author in every in-text citation: > The study demonstrated how "APA style … Date published November 28, 2014 by Bas Swaen. Page numbers are introduced with a “p.” or “pp.” The APA 6th Style manual specifies the following for the reference list. If you’re familiar with a different method of citation, watch out for the following features of APA style: Authors are cited by last name only, though in the final list of references, initials may also be given. In most cases, the first word will be the author’s last name. Example: Lee, C. L. (2017). Sort the reference list in alphabetical order.. List the author as “Anonymous” only if the work is attributed to “Anonymous” (American Psychological Association, 2020, p. … Alphabetizing the reference list according to the APA rules.
The word References should appear in upper and lower case and be centered at the top of the page; All reference entries should be double-spaced; All references should be in a "hanging indent" format. When authors number 21 or more, list the first 19 authors, insert three ellipses points (. (Smith et al., 2009)Smith et al. Where the author is unknown, alphabetize by the first word in the title, ignoring the words a, an, the. The basic principles of reference list entries are covered in Sections 9.4 to 9.6 of the APA Publication Manual, Seventh Edition This guidance is the same as in the 6th edition. The APA Style format for author names in reference list entries is to provide the author’s surname(s) followed by the initials of their given name(s). APA rules for in-text citation change depending on the number/type of author (s). In Text: Smith and Brown (2016) noted the prevalence of mice was a direct result of the drought.. Correspondence Between Source and Reference List Entry

. This post is part of a series on author names. ( check the page on Authors for how to lay out the reference if you have more than one author ).

Remember that in APA, every time an author’s name is mentioned, the year of publication is mentioned as well. Date updated: October 19, 2017. Other posts in the series will be linked at the bottom of this post as they are published.

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