More specifically, ontological arguments tend to start with an a priori theory about the organization of the universe. Whatever you make of the ontological argument, the other arguments for the existence of God are independent of it. There is an enormous literature on the material in Proslogion II-III. Philosophers call such arguments a priori arguments. Such an argument works like this: Suppose P. If P, then Q. An ontological argument is a philosophical argument for the existence of God that uses ontology.Many arguments fall under the category of the ontological, and they tend to involve arguments about the state of being or existing. St. Anselm of Canterbury (1033-1109) was a Neoplatonic Realist and was often called "the second Augustine." Anselm’s Ontological Argument for the Existence of God Anselm’s argument is an a priori argument; that is, it is an argument that is independent of experience and based solely on concepts and logical relations, like a mathematical proof. The core of Anselm’s ontological argument uses a reductio ad absurdum structure to attempt to prove the existence of God.
Anselm’s Ontological Argument. In this paper I will argue that Anselm’s ontological argument for the existence of God is indeed adequate for establishing the necessary existence of the Greatest Conceivable Being. In order to accomplish this, I will argue that Anselm’s premises are sound, and that his conclusion rightfully follows his premises. The next of them is the first cause argument. Anselm’s reasoning was that, if a being existed only in the mind but not in reality, then a greater being was conceivable (a being which exists both in the mind and in reality). Paul tells the Romans that God’s law is “written on their hearts, while their conscience also bears witness.” (Rom. The form of the argument is that of a reductio ad absurdum argument.

Some commentators deny that St. Anselm tried to put forward any proofs of the existence of God. He does this by showing that if the negation of the conclusion is followed then this leads to absurdity (a false or nonsensical conclusion). The ontological argument is widely thought to have been first clearly articulated by St. Anselm of Canterbury, who defined God as the greatest conceivable being. According to this argument, there is no need to go out looking for physical evidence of God’s existence; we can work out that he exists just by thinking about it. Perhaps, then, Anselm’s comparison between a God that exists and a God that does not is possible, and the ontological argument survives Kant’s criticism. Anselm’s “ontological argument,” while drawing critiques from Aristotelian minds like Aquinas, offers a significant answer to the question of natural revelation. Even among commentators who agree that St. Anselm intended to prove the existence of God, there is disagreement about where the proof is located. Anselm's "Ontological Argument" Abstract: Anselms's Ontological Argument is stated, and a few standard objections to his argument are listed. The ontological argument is an argument for God’s existence based entirely on reason.

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